LIPKANY

LIPKANY
LIPKANY (Rom. Lipcani), small town in N. Moldova, in the region of Bessarabia. Jews appeared there in the middle of the 17th century. There were 82 Jewish families in Lipkany (out of a total of 203. in 1817, 4,410 persons (63% of the total population) in 1897, and 4,693 in 1930 (79.8% of the total). They were the chief exporters of farm products from Bessarabia to Austria and Germany. During the first half of the 19th century the zaddik Meir of Peremyshlyany lived in the town for several years. The writers judah steinberg and eliezer steinbarg were born there. In May 1936 the Cuza Fascist Party convened in Lipkany, but Jewish self-defense prevented attacks against Jews. In June 1940 the town was annexed to the Soviet Union, and included in the Moldavian S.S.R. (Eliyahu Feldman / Shmuel Spector (2nd ed.) -Holocaust Period On June 22, 1941, the Germans bombed the town, and it was devastated. When the town was taken on July 8, 1941, by German-Romanian forces, they carried out a pogrom the same day in which many Jews were killed, and they robbed almost all houses. The survivors (about 4,000) were taken on July 18 to a forest near Vertyuzhany and from there were sent on a death march which took them to sekiryany , yedintsy , and khotin , and back to Yedintsy; the old, the sick, and the children, who were unable to withstand the pace, were shot on the journey. From Yedintsy, the survivors were deported to transnistria , where most of them died. Only a few dozen Jewish families from Lipkany were saved by the arrival of the Soviet army. Almost all the young Jews from the town who joined the Soviet army at the beginning of the war were either killed or returned as invalids. One Jew from Lipkany, Abram Schneider, was decorated as a "Hero of the Soviet Union." The few surviving families, who returned to Lipkany in 1944, left the town soon, immigrating to Palestine. (Jean Ancel) -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Carp, Cartea Neagrà, 3 (1947), index; BJCE; Herz-Kahn, in: Eynikeyt (Oct. 2, 1945).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Lipcani — ( ru. Липканы , yi. Lipkon ) is a small town in Moldova, located on the banks of the Prut river, which forms the border with Romania. The border with Ukraine is also only a few kilometers to the north. The closest large urban centres are… …   Wikipedia

  • Elieser Steinbarg — Elieser Steinbarg, אליעזער שטײנבֿאַרג , (auch Eliezer Steinbarg oder Steinberg; * 18. Mai 1880, Lipkany, Bessarabien, heute Moldawien; † 27. März 1932, in Czernowitz, Rumänien, heute Ukraine) war ein jüdischer Schriftsteller, der in jiddischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Steinbarg — Elieser Steinbarg, auch Eliezer Steinbarg (* 1880, Lipkany, Bessarabien; † 1932, in Czernowitz, Rumänien), war ein jüdischer Schriftsteller, der in jiddischer Sprache schrieb. Leben 1919 übersiedelte Steinbarg von Lipkany nach Czernowitz. Berühmt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PEREMYSHLYANY, MEIR BEN AARON LEIB OF — (1780?–1850), ḥasidic ẓaddik. He was the grandson of R. Meir of Peremyshlyany, a disciple of israel b. eliezer Ba al Shem Tov (the Besht), who, according to a later ḥasidic tradition, assisted the Ba al Shem Tov in his struggle against the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • STEINBARG, ELIEZER — (Shtaynbarg; 1880–1932), Yiddish educator, cultural activist, and author. Born in Lipkany, Moldava (former Bessarabia), Steinbarg received extensive Jewish instruction from kabbalist Yosele Dayen, and was self taught in Russian and German… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lipka Tatars — The Lipka Tatars (also known as Lithuanian Tatars , Belarusian Tatars , Lipkowie or Muślimi ) are a group of Tatars living on the lands of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania since the 14th century. They followed Sunni branch of Islam and their… …   Wikipedia

  • Moishe Oysher — (Yiddish: משה אוישר, (born 1906 in Lipkon (Lipkany), Bessarabia, Imperial Russia – died 27 November 1958, New Rochelle, New York, USA).[1] was a cantor and Yiddish theatre actor. He is considered one of the most entertaining chazanim (cantors)… …   Wikipedia

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